INTERNATIONAL POLIO PLUS FACTS & FIGURES

2. Rotary’s financial contribution to the polio eradication effort:
By the time the world is certified polio-free, Rotary’s contributions to the global polio eradication effort will exceed US$2.2 billion, including over US$985 million in matching funds from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Rotary’s contribution to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative since 1988 accounts for nearly 14% of all contributions
through June 2017 and represents approximately 42% of private sector contributions. Rotary is the leading non-governmental voluntary organization contributor to the GPEI.

 


3. Rotary’s volunteer contribution to the polio eradication effort:
Rotary has mobilized a legion of volunteers who are providing support during vaccination campaigns, mobilizing their communities for polio eradication activities, raising funds and awareness for polio eradication, and advocating for the cause with government officials. More than one million Rotarians worldwide have contributed toward the success of the polio eradication effort.

 


4. The budget for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative:
The budget for the Global Polio Eradication Initiative is prepared by WHO and UNICEF
in consultation with their country offices, and ministries of health. It is reviewed and
revised regularly to reflect changing epidemiology as well as new contributions and
financial commitments made by Rotary and others to the program. Further information is
available www.polioeradication.org.




5. Funding requirements of the global polio eradication effort:
From 2013 until the certification of eradication, an estimated US$7 billion in donor contributions is needed to fully implement the activities of the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan.

 


6. Activities that Rotary’s contributions support:
Rotary provides grant funding to WHO and UNICEF for the following activities:
  Technical assistance including salaries for technical advisors;
  Operational support to ensure the vaccine reaches all children; including stipends for the millions of volunteers who administer the vaccine and perform house-to-house follow up visits;
 Surveillance for disease detection, including the polio laboratory network;
 Social mobilization to raise awareness of the vaccination campaigns and the benefits of immunization;
 Research into new products and approaches to facilitate eradication;
 Transition planning to ensure the orderly transition of polio immunization activities to routine immunization following   the eradication of polio.

 


7. The number of countries benefiting from PolioPlus grants:
To date, 122 countries around the world have benefited from PolioPlus grants.

 


8. The number of polio cases prevented annually through immunization:
From the launch of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative in 1988, more than 16 million people, mainly in the developing world, who would otherwise have been paralyzed, are walking because they have been immunized against polio. More than 650,000 paralytic cases of polio are now prevented every year.

 


9. The number of children that will be paralyzed every year if we do not eradicate polio:
If polio is not eradicated, within 10 years, as many as 200,000 children could be paralyzed by it each year. A polio-free world will be a safer world for children everywhere.



10. The number of children immunized against polio:
Since 1988, more than 2.5 billion children have received oral polio vaccine. In 2016, more than 450 million children were vaccinated in more than 45 countries using more than two billion doses of oral polio vaccine.

 


11. The percentage of the world’s children that live in polio-free countries:
In 1988, 10% of the world’s children live in polio-free countries; in 2016, over 95% are living in polio-free countries.

 


12. The number of polio cases in the world:
The number of polio cases has declined by more than 99.9% from over 350,000 in 1985 to 37 in 2016.

 


13. The cost to fully vaccinate a child:
It costs an average of US$3.00 to fully protect a child against polio, including the cost of the vaccine and activities required to deliver the vaccine such as transportation costs, vaccinator stipends, vaccine carriers, chalk to mark houses after each visit, and dye to paint children’s fingers purple to indicate they have been vaccinated. A child must
receive multiple doses of polio vaccine to be fully protected and therefore must be reached multiple times.

 


14. The number of polio endemic countries:
Since 1988, the number of polio endemic countries declined from over 125 countries to three in 2016 (Nigeria, Pakistan, Afghanistan).

 


15. The number of countries that are polio-free and the number of people who live in countries, territories, and areas that have been certified polio-free:
Two hundred and ten (210) countries, territories and areas are now free from indigenous polio, and 145 of these have been certified polio-free by independent commissions. In March 2014, the WHO South-East Asia Region was certified polio-free, joining the World Health Organization regions of the Americas, the Western Pacific, and Europe. Almost six billion people or 90% of the world’s population lives in the 145 countries, territories and areas that are now certified polio-free.

 



16. Polio in Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan:
Wild poliovirus transmission is at the lowest levels ever, with fewer cases reported from fewer areas of fewer countries than ever before. In 2016, 37 cases of wild poliovirus were reported from Nigeria, Pakistan and Afghanistan compared to 74 cases in 2015.  Nigeria had not reported a case of wild poliovirus since July 2014 and was subsequently
removed from the list of endemic countries in September 2015. However, in August 2016, four new cases were confirmed in Borno state in the northeast. Confirmation of these cases underscores the risk continued low-level undetected transmission poses to children and countries everywhere. An emergency, multi-country regional outbreak
response was launched immediately to stop this outbreak.

 


17. The risk of polio in polio-free countries:
As long as indigenous wild poliovirus transmission continues anywhere in the world, the risk of international spread of poliovirus remains. Particularly vulnerable are high-risk countries, i.e., those bordering endemic areas, those with close socio-cultural-economic ties to endemic areas and those with low routine immunization levels.  In 2013 and 2014, new outbreaks occurred in Cameroon, the Horn of Africa (centered on Somalia), and the Middle East (with cases confirmed in Syria). While aggressive outbreak response activities rapidly stopped these outbreaks, they underscore the danger
ongoing transmission continues to pose to polio-free countries everywhere.

 


18. Rotary’s advocacy efforts:
In 1995, Rotary launched a task force to advocate the cause of polio eradication to donor governments. The work of this task force has helped secure more than US$8 billion in contributions and commitments from donor governments to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative. These advocacy efforts are ongoing and will be continued as necessary.

Facts and Figures Flyer:  2017_11_20_Polio_Information_Newsletter.pdf

Polio-specific contributions by governments can be found at:
http://polioeradication.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/Copy-of-HistoricalContributions_31May2017.pdf


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